Bordered by India, Bangladesh, Thailand and Laos to the west, as well as China and Thailand to the east, Myanmar is a country that has long remained isolated from the rest of the world.
However, ancient Burma is the largest state in Southeast Asia, with frontiers bordering the Southeast Himalayas and others opening onto the Indian Ocean. Subjected to an appalling dictatorship for more than 20 years, the «Golden Land» has been discreet to only gradually and fairly recently open to travelers.
Where is Myanmar located
The largest country on the Indochinese peninsula, bordered by China, India, Bangladesh, Thailand and Laos, sees its coastline bordered by the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. It is crossed by the Irrawaddy River, which forms a fertile valley in the center of the country.
Brief historical overview of Myanmar
Myanmar is rich in an ancient and turbulent history, marked by the influence of Theravada Buddhism and the emergence of powerful kingdoms such as Bagan, Ava or Toungoo. During the 19th century, it saw British settlers settle on its land, then the arrival of the Japanese during the Second World War. Although the former Kingdom of Burma gained independence in 1948, it experienced periods of military dictatorship, ethnic conflict and political repression. Since 2011, it has begun a process of democratic reforms, but faces major challenges such as the Rohingya crisis or the rebellion of 2021.
Why Myanmar is unique
Myanmar offers visitors a diversity of landscapes, cultures and traditions not found anywhere else. To discover all the riches, we used to present Myanmar in three regions:
- The North, where the Himalayan mountains, tropical forests and the archaeological sites of Pyu are located. It is also the land of ethnic minorities such as the Kachin, the Shan and the Naga.
- The Centre, where the country’s main cities are located, such as Yangon, the former colonial capital, Mandalay, the cultural and religious centre, or Naypyidaw, the new administrative capital. The area is also particularly famous for the temples and pagodas of Bagan, Inle Lake or the golden rock of Kyaiktiyo.
- The South, home to paradisiacal beaches such as Ngapali or Ngwe Saung, with the islands of the Myeik archipelago and the caves of Hpa-An. It is also the region of the Mon and Karen peoples, who have distinct history and culture.
Attractive for its authenticity, spirituality and natural beauty, Myanmar is a destination still unknown, to be discovered by any traveler looking for a change of scenery and bushy encounters at the end of the world.